By: Jennifer O’Connor (Skincare Specialist/Esthetician & Owner over 15 years Fusion Face & Body) https://fusionfacebody.com
I am someone who is over 40, passionate about ingredients and the science of skincare. Working with clients and patients over the years has taught me a lot about the aging process. Here is some detailed information to help you erase those years!
I will write other blogs dedicated to individual concerns mentioned here so that you can have even more details and specific info on ingredients and how they work.
Visible aging is characterized by change in the skin due to degradation of its structure. There are two types of aging:
The onset of visible intrinsic aging is determined by a person’s genetics and because of this those of differing ethnic backgrounds will typically experience the visible signs of aging at different times throughout life.
2. Extrinsic – thought to be responsible for up to 85% of the visible signs of aging and is considered to be preventable. Sun exposure, unhealthy lifestyle, gravity, environmental pollutants and chronic inflammation contribute to a breakdown of the skin’s matrix, collagen, elastin and GAG. Over-exposure to these offenders increases the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of the skin’s support system. Sorry for so much detail, I love this stuff… but just remember be healthy and stay out of the sun!
All the presentations of aging skin:
Sagging/laxity is caused by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Shrinking bones and loss of fat allow skin to sag naturally over time. Gravity, along with cross-linking and loss of collagen, also contribute.
Loss of elasticity occurs naturally with age. Additionally, UV rays and free radicals and inflammation trigger MMP, which can cause an elastin breakdown.
Fine Lines form naturally over time as collagen production slows and skin hydration decreases.
Dryness/dehydration occurs naturally over time as the skins production of things such as hyaluronic acid (HA) decrease. HA is responsible for attracting & holding moisture in the skin. Dryness can also increase with use of aggressive topical products, improper cleansing and moisturizing practices reducing the skin’s barrier function. Time & sun exposure also lead to an impacted skin cells.
Increased transparency is a result of natural and UV induced thinning of the skin. The transparency causes capillaries to become more visible, leading to an increase in skin redness and visible veins.
Deep/abnormal wrinkling are caused by extrinsic factors. UVA rays cause an acceleration in the breakdown of collagen. Free radical damage causes MMP enzymes to breakdown collagen & elastin. Smoking causes abnormal vertical lines around the mouth. Facial expressions can also be responsible for deeper lines around the mouth and eyes.
Hyperpigmentation is the result of sun exposure, hormones and inflammation.
Thickening of the epidermis occurs in certain cases of sun damage. Commonly referred to as leather-like appearance.
Telangiectasias (dilated blood vessels/spider veins) become more visible as the skin thins and becomes more transparent. UV exposure causes dilation of capillaries along with a thinning of their walls, making blood vessels more visible and more prominent.
Enlargement of pores is a reduction of collagen in the skin caused by sun damage. Pores appear larger as the support of the surrounding collagen decreases.
Coarsening of the skin caused by a buildup of dead skin cells. Shedding of cells decreases with time and with exposure to the elements.
I hope this information helps better guide you in your product selections. Contact me if you have specific product questions or need any help with your skin. firstname.lastname@example.org